The challenge is no longer finding information, it’s trying not to drown in it. Today, how we filter defines much of our intelligence.
To avoid being an intellectual pinball, we need heuristics to figure out if someone’s worth listening to.
‘Anybody who doesn’t change their mind a lot is dramatically underestimating the complexity of the world’ – Jeff Bezos
What’ve they changed their minds about? What’ve they been wrong about? What aren’t they sure about?
If the answer to all 3 is ‘nothing’, they care more about thinking they’re right than being right. Confidence is important psychologically and socially, but it’s often the enemy of good ideas.
Confidence in specific areas doesn’t disqualify automatically. Some things we can be quite sure of. Smart people can distinguish between simple and complex. They know which types of things to be sure and unsure about.
Either way, if they aren’t good friends with cognitive dissonance they’re out.